Filfla is 5km away from the coast of Malta. Nowadays it is a natural
reserve and it is prohibited to lay foot on the Island. Only some scientists
get permission to land. Even though it has a circumference
of 800m, Filfla's history is quite fascinating. Unfortunately it has
been used for target practice by the english navy in the past so it is littered
with unused bomb shells. It was also hit by a strong earthquake in the 1800's
and half of the Island perished under sea. With it perished the only known
structure ever built on the Island, a chapel where mass was held for fisherman
fishing in he area.
I heard stories that when lepracy was hitting the mainland, a man took
his family to live on Filfla. One other very interesting theory that I heard
was that signs of cart ruts where present on the Island.
Filfla is surrounded by 60m high cliffs, forming a plateau on the top which is green
even in the driest summer months. Before the earthquake, fisherman remember a natural
spring on the Island. Since the Island is so much isolated, the eco system is quite
unique hosting a variety of fauna, insects and lizards. The most well known is
the endemic black lizard, who's cousins found in Malta are smaller. Various species
of birds including gulls, shearwater and petrels breed on the Island and it is not
uncommon to spot a large number of herons perched on the cliffs in the summer months.